Generally it is more productive for a client if they are guided to discover what is blocking them from positive movement. From this point awareness shifts and self-directed answers and solutions come into play. This is a far more effective that a counsellor assessing and telling a clientwhat they should do. Again, this is not a passive interaction between a therapist and a client but does involve careful selection of questions that allow for this self-discovery.
Sometimes in critical situations, such as, a marriage crisis, a family critical incident, or a major trauma, a more directive approach is needed to reduce a potential danger, to stabilize a situation, or to reduce an intense emotional reaction.